The Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at AIIMS, Mangalagiri, hosted a series of activities in January 2021. Cervical cancer is India’s second-highest cause of cancer mortality among women, and it is a major public health and women’s wellness concern.
A Pap smear examination of 2203 females indicated that 28% had abnormal results. Cervical cancer is a form of cancer that develops in the cells of the cervix and affects all women (which is the lower part of the uterus that connects the vagina). Women over the age of 30 are more likely to get the illness. The Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is responsible for the majority of instances, and different strains of HPV can cause cervical cancer. When cancer hits, symptoms such as a bloody vaginal discharge, pelvic discomfort, or pain during intercourse may appear.
Cervical cancer may be prevented and treated. Cervical cancer can be prevented by obtaining routine Pap screenings, being vaccinated, practicing safer sex, and adopting healthy lifestyle choices including quitting smoking. India has the highest predicted number of cervical cancer deaths in 2018, according to a study published in the journal Lancet Global Health. This is quite concerning, and it is imperative that cervical cancer be addressed as soon as possible.
A few preventive practices are listed below to assist women to avoid cervical cancer and enhance their quality of life.
Vaccination: A vaccination to guard against some strains of HPV that might cause cervical cancer is available. These immunizations should be discussed with your doctor. When you are eligible, your doctor will explain everything to you. He or she will create a schedule for you and may inform you about the age and length for which you must be vaccinated.
Quit smoking: It is common knowledge that smoking is extremely harmful to one’s health. Smoking can cause not just respiratory problems, but also cervical cancer. Yes, it increases your risk of developing cervical cancer. Tobacco by-products have been shown in experiments to damage the DNA of cervix cells, which can lead to cervical cancer. As a result, it is critical to seek out a smoking cessation program and quit smoking as soon as feasible.
Regular screening: Pap smear is a basic screening test for females to detect abnormalities of the cervix, the lower section of the uterus, particularly the presence of cancer or precancerous cells. According to Indus Health Plus statistics, 28 percent of 2203 females had an abnormal Pap smear report, which might vary from minor inflammation to severe illnesses including cervical cancer. The most anomalies were found in women between the ages of 41 and 50, which is the perimenopausal era in women, which causes a lot of hormonal changes that can cause a range of modifications in the female reproductive system. Any abnormality discovered during a Pap smear test should be reported to a gynecologist since early diagnosis can help to avoid problems and enhance the chances of a cure. As a result, all adult females should get a routine Pap smear screening, as it has proven to be a very useful screening test for women’s health. It is essential to engage in safe sexual behavior: Cervical cancer is more likely to occur in women who have several sexual partners, according to various research. So, when having intercourse, strive to stick to safe sex approaches. Bleeding between intercourses should also be carefully assessed.
Lifestyle modifications: Maintaining a healthy weightand not disregarding signs such as abnormal or watery vaginal discharge, as well as eating a well-balanced diet, can all assist. Make an effort to eat more fresh fruits and vegetables, and keep track of any abnormal Pap smears.
Similarly, more awareness about this life-threatening malignancy should be raised. Women should be educated and informed about cervical cancer in order to better cope with the disease. Cervical cancer is also one of the worst tumors, however, it may be prevented and treated.
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